Saving the lives of people, which are in danger in the sea or spacious inland waterways, is actually the task of rescue teams. Still it is wise to, in case of an emergency, be informed about certain important aspects. There a few rescue tips, that someone can take into account, when emergency situations occur.
It is obvious to notify the authorities/doctor when an emergency situation occurs. One can easily dial the national emergency number: 112. Below you will find an example of what to do, in case of hypothermia.
1. Horizontal movement
If you drag a victim vertically out of the water, there is a chance that the blood moves itself from the torso to the limbs. The weak functioning heart can therefore fail.
When breathing and/or circulation are missing, one should directly apply mouth to mouth resuscitation. With severe hypothermia, this can be very laborious because of muscle spasm.
3. Protection against further cooling
By preference, the torso and the limbs should be packed separately. This prevents a to fast heating of the limbs, which causes an extraction of blood from the torso. The weak operating heart, will not be able to compensate this change. Never forget to protect the head of the victim. Through the head the cooling off will be the quickest.
Never give an unconscious victim something to drink. Only a good approachable victim is allowed to drink something warm. NEVER SERVE ALCOHOL!